Qana is known internationally for two separate incidents in which the israeli defence forces caused civilian deaths during military operations in Lebanon
- 1996 shelling of Qana: On 18 april 1996, amid heavy fighting between the Israel Defense Forces and Hezbollah fighters during Operation grapes of wrath , a Fijian UNIFIL compound in the village was shelled by Israeli artillery, killing 106 civilians and injuring around 116 others who had taken refuge there to escape the fighting. Four UNIFIL soldiers were also seriously injured.
- 2006 Qana airstrike: On 30 july 2006, during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, Israeli airstrikes hit an apartment building. The Lebanese red cross originally stated that at least 56 people were killed, 32 of whom were children. Human Rights Watch later announced that at least 22 people escaped the basement, and 28 are confirmed dead, of which 16 were children, with 13 more still missing
After both attacks the residents of Qana built memorials to commemorate the deaths. In subsequent years, Qana has seen more visitors to the memorials than it has to its biblical ruins.